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As co-founder of Pixar Animation Studios, Ed Catmull has been working in computer graphics since the beginning. Here he shares some of his thoughts on RenderMan and the current state of the industry. From the origins of RenderMan over twenty-five years ago to the latest developments in global illumination, Ed Catmull provides his insight into where the technology is headed.

Dr. Ed Catmull

President, Pixar and Walt Disney Animation Studios

Ed Catmull, Ph.D, is co-founder of Pixar Animation Studios and President of Walt Disney and Pixar Animation Studios. Previously, Catmull was Vice President of the computer division of Lucasfilm Ltd., where he managed development in the areas of computer graphics, video editing, video games and digital audio.

Catmull has been honored with five Academy Awards, including a Technical Achievement Award, two Scientific and Engineering Awards, and one Academy Award of Merit for his work. In 2009, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences awarded Catmull with the Gordon E. Sawyer Award for his lifetime of technical contributions and leadership in the field of computer graphics for the motion picture industry.

He also received the ACM SIGGRAPH Steven A. Coons Award for his lifetime contributions in the computer graphics field, and the animation industry's Ub Iwerks Award for technical advancements in the art or industry of animation. Catmull is a member of The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, the National Academy of Engineering, the Visual Effects Society, and the University of California President's Board on Science and Innovation. Catmull was honored with the Randy Pausch Prize from Carnegie Mellon University's Entertainment Technology Center in 2008, and was selected as the recipient of the IEEE Computer Society's 2008 Computer Entrepreneur Award.

Catmull has a Bachelor's degree in Computer Science and Physics and a Doctorate in Computer Science from the University of Utah. In 2005, the University of Utah presented him with an Honorary Doctoral Degree in engineering.

Creativity, Inc.

Dr. Ed Catmull is also the author of the New York Times Bestseller, Creativity, Inc.

As a young man, Ed Catmull had a dream: to make the first computer-animated movie. He nurtured that dream as a Ph.D. student at the University of Utah, where many computer science pioneers got their start, and then forged a partnership with George Lucas that led, indirectly, to his founding Pixar with Steve Jobs and John Lasseter in 1986. Nine years later, Toy Story was released, changing animation forever. The essential ingredient in that movie's success—and in the thirteen movies that followed—was the unique environment that Catmull and his colleagues built at Pixar, based on philosophies that protect the creative process and defy convention, such as:

• Give a good idea to a mediocre team, and they will screw it up. But give a mediocre idea to a great team, and they will either fix it or come up with something better.

• If you don't strive to uncover what is unseen and understand its nature, you will be ill prepared to lead.

• It's not the manager's job to prevent risks. It's the manager's job to make it safe for others to take them.

• The cost of preventing errors is often far greater than the cost of fixing them.

• A company's communication structure should not mirror its organizational structure. Everybody should be able to talk to anybody.

• Do not assume that general agreement will lead to change—it takes substantial energy to move a group, even when all are on board.

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